India will provide four new vaccines free of cost as part of a programme to reduce child mortality, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said. They include one for rotavirus, which kills thousands of children a year. The disease causes dehydration and severe diarrhoea. It spreads via contaminated hands and surfaces, and is common in Asia and Africa. The move brings to 13 the number of free vaccines provided against life threatening diseases.
“The introduction of four new life-saving vaccines will play a key role in reducing childhood and infant mortality and morbidity in the country,” Mr Modi said in a statement.
“Many of these vaccines are already available through private practitioners to those who can afford them. The government will now ensure that the benefits of vaccination reach all sections of society, regardless of social and economic status.”
The four new vaccines will combat rotavirus, rubella, polio and Japanese encephalitis.
These vaccines are merit goods which are provided by the government. Vaccines can be described as merit good that is ignorance. Because some people may ignore to spend on vaccine. And as the result of this, according to the article, rotavirus killed thousands of children every year, and diarrhoea caused by rotavirus killed nearly 80,000 children each year results in up to a million hospital admissions in India.