WHY DO WOMEN STILL DIE GIVING BIRTH?
Every other minute, a woman or girl dies as a result of pregnancy complications or childbirth.
According to the latest UN global estimates, 303,000 women a year die in childbirth, or as a result of complications arising from pregnancy. This equates to about 830 women dying each day – roughly one every two minutes.
WHERE DO THSES DEATH OCCUR?
The overwhelming majority of maternal deaths occur in developing countries. About two-thirds of all maternal deaths take place in sub-Saharan Africa. Nigeria and India alone account for one-third of global deaths.
The maternal mortality ratio in the world’s least developed countries stands at 436 deaths for every 100,000 live births, which is in stark contrast to the corresponding number – just 12 – in wealthy countries.
The country with the 10 worst maternity rate all occurs in Africa.
In 2001, UN member states agreed the millennium developing goals which included a call for the number of maternal deaths to be cut by three-quarters by 2015. While the MDGs boosted efforts, the goal was not met in the countries with the highest death rates. In fact, it was the target that made the slowest progress.
There are a number of reasons of why the maternity rate always occur in the developing countries. Mostly are because they are rooted in absolute poverty, and face the problems of gender inequalities that cause them suffered sexual abuse. They are unable to choose what they want and decide something in the family. They might not got enough money from men to receive the medical help.
The majority of women die in poorer, rural areas, where healthcare services are often inadequate and there is a severe shortage of trained medical staff. Women from those areas are less likely to give birth with a skilled health worker than wealthier women.
HOW TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM?
Reducing maternal mortality was made a target of the sustainable development goals, signed by UN members states in 2015.
In spite of making a goal of sustainable development in poor countries, another strategy is to ensure that the universal access to reproductive healthcare.