Stories behind the Chinese Population Pyramid

Different from the population pyramid in other developing countries, China’s population pyramid shows that it is in a fast developing state. The shape of the pyramid suggests that the largest age group in China is between 40-49 and 25-29. The age group from 45 and above is in the shape of a triangle which is typical for developing countries. But the population decreases for the next decades and has gradually increased back, forming a wave-shaped pyramid. And the population of young generations from 19 to the newborn infants is almost constant. Comparing one the proportion of Male and Female, population of Male is relatively higher than female, in an average of 0.5%.

The reasoning behind the shape of the pyramid is because of the massive influence of WW2, population control by One Child Policy and the still existing problem of gender discrimination.  During and straight after the WW2, in order to overcome poverty, the need for mass production is required. Therefore population has massively increased during that time. As China continued to develop and became the second richest country in the world in 2015. And the major cities in China has reached the standard of a developed country,  and the fall in Birth rate is a typical sign of a country’s development. However, the decline in the population of younger generations is also a positive result of the restriction in Birth rate —– “One Child Policy”. The gender imbalance problem is caused by gender inequality which is still a problem in China.  Overall, China’s population is still massive, so the reduction of the population for the future generations is not considered too much as an ageing issue. 

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